SMART GRID AS THE NEXT ENERGY PARADIGM
The smart grid has been called “electricity with a brain”, the “energy Internet” and the “Electronet”. Basically, the smart grid integrates electricity and information and communication infrastructures to produce electricity more efficiently and reliably, as well as cleanly and safely for the environment. The smart grid is the new energy paradigm that is characterized by a bidirectional flow of electricity and information and the integration of huge amount of distributed energy resources.
The integration of renewable energy resources and energy storage into the smart grid is associated with power electronics converters and involves many aspects, such as: efficiency, reliability and energy conversion cost, forecasting of energy production, safe connection to the electric grid and the capability to work in islanded mode. Advanced control and data utilization are essential for the success of this energy paradigm.
The talk will discuss the possibility and challenges of creating the smart grid paradigm and will highlight its enabling technologies, current status, and future prospective.