Smart Grids: What’s Now and What’s Next?
Recently, the word “Smart” has been attached to many existing complex systems to describe their transition from their old and conventional designs and operations to more intelligent systems, taking advantage of the development of the Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) and Artificial Intelligence (AI). The electric power grids are among these complex systems that are witnessing remarkable transitions from their conventional form to more modern and intelligent systems that are now called the “Smart Grids”. In this presentation, I will try to answer the question “Smart Grids: What’s Now and What’s Next?” as envisioned by different organizations and publications. I will first present and discuss the general aspects and features of the current smart grids. Then, I will present the future perspectives for smart grids’ development along with some key trends and challenges.